Dogs can show allergic symptoms when their immune systems begin to recognize certain everyday substances as dangerous. Even though these allergens are common in most environments and harmless to most animals, a dog with allergies will have an extreme reaction to them.
Itchy, red, moist or scabbed skin
Itchy eyes, back or base of tail, ears
Vomiting and/or diarrhea
Snoring caused by an inflamed throat
Paw chewing/swollen paws
Allergic dogs may also suffer from secondary bacterial or yeast skin infections, which may cause hair loss, scabs or crusts on the skin.
Any dog can develop allergies at any time during his life, but allergic reactions seem to be especially common in Terriers, Setters, Retrievers, and flat-faced breeds such as Pugs, Bulldogs and Boston Terriers.
A few common allergens include:
Yes, but it often takes some detective work to find out what substance is causing the allergic reaction; your veterinarian will be able to help you figure this out. Please note that food allergies may show up in dogs at any age.
Visit your veterinarian. After taking a complete history and conducting a physical examination, he or she may be able to determine the source of your dog’s allergic reaction. If not, your vet will most probably recommend skin or blood tests, or a special elimination diet, to find out what's causing the allergic reaction.
The best way to treat allergies is to remove the offending allergens from the environment.
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